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(. Dow Jones average) , , -, . 1884 . . , . . (Dow Jones & Company), 1889 . - (-). 1897.1. . . . . - . -. , . , . . . . : 1897 , . (Dow Jones industrial average DJI) 20 . , . , (Dow Jones transportation average DJTA), 1929 15 . , - (Dow Jones utility average DJUA). . . . -, . , , . (., 1981 1,314). , , ., . . (Dow Jones composite), . ' .

. 40 (Dow Jones 40 bond average) (Dow Jones municipal bond yield average). . . . . ' . . , 䳿. . , . . . .

˳.: , ( , , . . . ). ., 1992; , . . , , . ., 1992; . . , , . ., 1993.

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